Learning With: ‘Why Apollo 10 Stopped Just 47,000 Feet From the Moon’
Before studying the article:
This summer season marks the 50th anniversary of one in every of humanity’s most extraordinary achievements — the primary human touchdown on the moon. On July 20, 1969, the astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped off the touchdown craft onto the moon’s floor and spoke the historic phrases, “that’s one small step for man, one big leap for mankind.” His steps and phrases have been witnessed by a world viewers on tv or radio of 650 million folks — the biggest ever for a single occasion and almost one-fifth of the world’s inhabitants on the time.
Photos of the Apollo 11 voyage are thought of among the many most iconic in historical past, and Mr. Armstrong, together with crew members Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins, returned to Earth to obtain lavish parades throughout the globe. (You can see a photograph gallery of the Apollo 11 mission right here in addition to The New York Times’s unique protection of the moon touchdown right here.)
But do you know that simply two months earlier than Apollo 11, three different astronauts launched a “gown rehearsal” spaceflight that got here inside lower than 9 miles of the moon, however have been by no means allowed to aim to land? How ought to we honor and bear in mind these lesser-known astronauts who helped to set the stage for the now immortalized Apollo 11 crew?
Now, learn the article, “Why Apollo 10 Stopped Just 47,000 Feet From the Moon,” and reply the next questions:
1. Who have been the three astronauts on the Apollo 10 mission? What function did every have on the spaceflight?
2. Jim Bell, the writer, writes: “It appears unfathomable, to go all that approach, to take all of these dangers after which pull again, not grabbing the brass ring and reaping the rewards. In a way, although, these have been the directions, and that was the burden, borne by the comparatively unheralded crew of Apollo 10 fifty years in the past this month.” What does the writer imply by “unfathomable”? How may the mission be thought of a burden to be borne?
three. How did President John F. Kennedy spur the race to achieve the moon? How many individuals have been concerned in realizing his objective of touchdown on the moon by the tip of the 1960s?
four. What have been the objectives of the Apollo 10 mission? Why was it essential that the crew not attempt to land on the moon?
5. What challenges have been there in testing the moon lander for the primary time? Give three examples from the article. Why have some speculated that the moon lander’s ascent module had been short-fueled?
6. How was the Apollo 10 crew rewarded by NASA for being the “stand-ins” as an alternative of the “stars?” In what capability did they return to house sooner or later?
7. The article concludes:
In the annals of historical past, the mission of Apollo 10 has been overshadowed by later journeys to the lunar floor. But the astronauts of Apollo 10 have been trailblazers, and their story provides richness and humanity to the historical past of the race to the moon. Their achievements, and the dangers that they took to assist America to win that dash, need to be remembered and celebrated.
Do you agree with the writer that we have to have a good time the Apollo 10 crew even when they didn’t attain the moon on their mission? How ought to we greatest bear in mind and honor the trailblazers who make historical past and glory potential for others? Can you consider different historic figures who have been there for the “gown rehearsal” however not for the precise efficiency?
Finally, inform us extra about what you assume:
— Mr. Bell writes:
Imagine if Ferdinand and Isabella had despatched a ship to the New World in 1491 and requested its captain and crew to search out new lands to the west with out getting out of the ship to set foot on them, as a result of the subsequent captain and crew have been scheduled to do this in 1492.
Or image President Thomas Jefferson sending a celebration to scout passage to the Pacific Ocean in 1803, then saying, don’t contact a factor, particularly not the ocean — as a result of Lewis and Clark are scheduled to do this the next yr.
Do you assume Mr. Bell’s historic comparisons are becoming? Can you consider another hypothetical examples which may seize the distinctive scenario for the Apollo 10 crew? How would you’ve gotten felt in case you had been an astronaut on the Apollo 10 mission? Would you’ve gotten been tempted to attempt to land on the moon? Why or why not?
— In March, the Trump administration introduced its bold objective to ship American astronauts again to the moon by 2024:
American astronauts will stroll on the moon once more earlier than the tip of 2024 “by any means needed,” Vice President Mike Pence declared on Tuesday at a gathering of the National Space Council.
“It is the said coverage of this administration and the United States of America to return astronauts to the moon throughout the subsequent 5 years,” Mr. Pence stated on the United States Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Ala. On the stage close by was a mannequin of an Apollo touchdown module that first transported American astronauts to the lunar floor 50 years in the past.
Do you agree with this objective? Should the United States make manned house missions to the moon a precedence? Why or why not?
— What do you assume the subsequent 50 years maintain for human spaceflight? Will people stay on the moon sometime? How quickly do you assume astronauts will land on Mars? Do you assume abnormal folks will ever make interplanetary house journeys, the way in which folks take intercontinental aircraft rides as we speak? Would you prefer to journey to house?
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